如何不靠运气获得财富?

How to Get Rich (without getting lucky)

Posted by     "杨波" on Monday, July 2, 2018

TOC

介绍

本文来自Naval Ravikant(AngelList的创始人)在Twitter上的推文,被整理转载在hackernoon上[参考附录]。我觉得作者的观点都是真知灼见,读后很受启发,所以我把它翻译出来,放在自己博客上,希望后面能时刻提醒自己。

原文和翻译

  1. Seek wealth, not money or status. Wealth is having assets that earn while you sleep. Money is how we transfer time and wealth. Status is your place in the social hierarchy.

追求财富,但是不要追求金钱或者身份。财富是指拥有产生睡后收入的资产。金钱是我们实现时间和财富之间转换的一个媒介。身份是你在社会层级中的位置。

  1. Understand that ethical wealth creation is possible. If you secretly despise wealth, it will elude you.

要懂得通过道德的方式创造财富是完全可以做到的。如果你秘密地鄙视财富,财富也会避开你。

  1. Ignore people playing status games. They gain status by attacking people playing wealth creation games.

远离那些玩身份地位博弈游戏的人。他们获取身份地位的方式是通过攻击那些创造财富的人。

  1. You’re not going to get rich renting out your time. You must own equity - a piece of a business - to gain your financial freedom.

通过打工出卖时间的方式,你不可能变得富有。你必须拥有资产(生意的一种),以赢得你的财务自由。

  1. You will get rich by giving society what it wants but does not yet know how to get. At scale.

如果你能规模化地创造并给予社会某种它想要但是还不知道如何获取的东西,你将会变得富有。

  1. Pick an industry where you can play long term games with long term people.

要选择你有机会和长线思维的人一起玩长线游戏的行业。

  1. The Internet has massively broadened the possible space of careers. Most people haven’t figured this out yet.

互联网极大的扩展了我们职业的可能空间,很多人其实还没有意识到这一点。

  1. Play iterated games. All the returns in life, whether in wealth, relationships, or knowledge, come from compound interest.

专注迭代和积累。生命中所有的回报,不管是财富,关系,还是知识都来自复利效应。

  1. Pick business partners with high intelligence, energy, and, above all, integrity.

选择高智商,精力充沛的合作伙伴,在所有的素质中,正直诚实最重要。

  1. Don’t partner with cynics and pessimists. Their beliefs are self-fulfilling.

不要和愤世嫉俗和悲观者为伍。他们的信仰是自证预言。

  1. Learn to sell. Learn to build. If you can do both, you will be unstoppable.

学会销售事物,学会构造事物。如果你两者都会,你将不可阻挡。

  1. Arm yourself with specific knowledge, accountability, and leverage.

通过特种知识、责任心和杠杆来武装自己。

  1. Specific knowledge is knowledge that you cannot be trained for. If society can train you, it can train someone else, and replace you.

特种知识是无法通过培训获取的知识。如果社会可以培训你,那么它也可以培训其他人,然后取代你。

  1. Specific knowledge is found by pursuing your genuine curiosity and passion rather than whatever is hot right now.

特种知识是通过追寻你单纯的好奇和热情而获得的,而不是追当下的热点而获得。

  1. Building specific knowledge will feel like play to you but will look like work to others.

营建特种知识的过程,自己感觉像是在玩耍,但别人看上去像是工作。

  1. When specific knowledge is taught, it’s through apprenticeships, not schools.

特种知识只能通过学徒方式授予,而不是学校制的教育。

  1. Specific knowledge is often highly technical or creative. It cannot be outsourced or automated.

特种知识具有很高的技术性和创造性。它无法被外包或者自动化。

  1. Embrace accountability, and take business risks under your own name. Society will reward you with responsibility, equity, and leverage.

勇于承担责任,并以自己之名去承担一定的商业风险。社会会通过责任、资产和杠杆来回报你。

  1. The most accountable people have singular, public, and risky brands: Oprah, Trump, Kanye, Elon.

那些最负责的人拥有独一无二的,公开的和有风险的品牌:奥普拉,川普,坎耶,马斯克。

  1. “Give me a lever long enough, and a place to stand, and I will move the earth.” -Archimedes

“给我一个足够长的杠杆,和一个支点,我能够撬动整个地球。”- 阿基米德

  1. Fortunes require leverage. Business leverage comes from capital, people, and products with no marginal cost of replication (code and media).

财富需要杠杆。商业杠杆来自于资本,人力,和那些没有边际复制成本的产品(代码或者媒体)

  1. Capital means money. To raise money, apply your specific knowledge, with accountability, and show resulting good judgment.

资本意味着金钱。想要募集金钱,需要应用你的特种知识,你的责任心,以及展示能产生良好结果的判断力。

  1. Labor means people working for you. It’s the oldest and most fought-over form of leverage. Labor leverage will impress your parents, but don’t waste your life chasing it.

人力意味着别人为你打工。这是最古老,也是竞争最激烈的一种杠杆方式。人力杠杆的运用能力会让你的父母影响深刻,但是不要浪费一生去追逐它。

  1. Capital and labor are permissioned leverage. Everyone is chasing capital, but someone has to give it to you. Everyone is trying to lead, but someone has to follow you.

资本和人力是需要许可的杠杆。每个人都在追逐资本,但是必须有人把它给你。每个人都想当头,但是必须有人跟随你。

  1. Code and media are permissionless leverage. They’re the leverage behind the newly rich. You can create software and media that works for you while you sleep.

代码和媒体是无需许可的杠杆。它们是新财富背后的杠杆。你可以创造软件和媒体,它们在你睡觉的时候还为你工作。

  1. An army of robots is freely available - it’s just packed in data centers for heat and space efficiency. Use it.

一支机器人军队可以被自由使用-它们只是因散热和空间效率而被打包放置在数据中心。你要使用它。

  1. If you can’t code, write books and blogs, record videos and podcasts.

如果你不会写代码,那么就写书或者博客,录视频或者播客。

  1. Leverage is a force multiplier for your judgement.

杠杆是你的判断力的倍增器。

  1. Judgement requires experience, but can be built faster by learning foundational skills

判断需要经验,但是判断能力可以通过学习基本技能而加速构建。

  1. There is no skill called “business.” Avoid business magazines and business classes.

没有一种叫“商务”的技能,不要在商务杂志或者课程上浪费时间。

  1. Study microeconomics, game theory, psychology, persuasion, ethics, mathematics, and computers.

学习微观经济学,博弈论,心理学,说服力,伦理学,数学,和计算机。

  1. Reading is faster than listening. Doing is faster than watching.

阅读比听更快,做比看更快。

  1. You should be too busy to “do coffee,” while still keeping an uncluttered calendar.

你应该保持日程的简洁,但是应该足够忙碌而没有时间去做很多会面。

  1. Set and enforce an aspirational personal hourly rate. If fixing a problem will save less than your hourly rate, ignore it. If outsourcing a task will cost less than your hourly rate, outsource it.

给自己设定并执行一个有抱负的时薪。如果修复一个问题节省下来的费用比时薪少,那就忽略这个问题。如果外包某个任务比你的时薪少,就找外包。

  1. Work as hard as you can. Even though who you work with and what you work on are more important than how hard you work.

尽最大努力工作。同时明白选择做什么事情,和谁一起工作,比努力工作本身更加重要。

  1. Become the best in the world at what you do. Keep redefining what you do until this is true.

在你专注的领域成为世界最佳。不断打磨优化你的技能,直到世界最佳成真。

  1. There are no get rich quick schemes. That’s just someone else getting rich off you.

没有快速致富的攻略。只有一些想从你身上发财的人。

  1. Apply specific knowledge, with leverage, and eventually you will get what you deserve.

应用特种知识,加上杠杆,最终你将得到你应得的。

  1. When you’re finally wealthy, you’ll realize that it wasn’t what you were seeking in the first place. But that’s for another day.

当你某天最终获得财富,你会意识到它并不是你开始想寻找的东西。但是这是我会日后再说的东西。

参考

How to Get Rich(without getting lucky)


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